How to Take Care of Acne-Prone Skin: 5 Steps
1. Understand Your Acne Type Acne comes in different types. Microcomedones are small raised bumps caused by excess sebum and keratin build-up. Whiteheads are small pus-filled bumps caused by the mix of sebum, keratin, and bacteria. Blackheads are small dark bumps caused by oxidized sebum. Papules are red or purple bumps caused by bacterial infection. Pustules are large pus-filled bumps with possible scarring. Different types require different treatments.
2. Choose the Right Cleanser Choose a mild, non-irritating, and non-drying cleanser. Avoid products with fragrances, alcohol, or harsh ingredients. For oily or non-inflammatory acne, use a foaming cleanser or soap. For dry or inflammatory acne, use a gentle lotion or gel cleanser. Look for ingredients like salicylic acid, tea tree oil, or aloe vera.
3. Use a Toner to Balance Your Skin After cleansing, use a toner to replenish moisture and balance pH levels. Choose a non-alcoholic and non-irritating toner. For oily or non-inflammatory acne, use a mattifying or oil-controlling toner. For dry or inflammatory acne, use a hydrating or soothing toner. Look for ingredients like witch hazel, niacinamide, or hyaluronic acid.
4. Protect Your Skin with Sunscreen Sunscreen is essential to protect your skin from harmful UV rays that can worsen acne and cause pigmentation. Use a sunscreen with at least SPF 30 and PA+++. Reapply every 2 hours, covering your entire face, neck, ears, and hairline.
5. Internal Care and Overall Wellness Besides external care, focus on internal factors like maintaining a healthy lifestyle, balanced diet, and positive mindset. These can positively impact your skin's health and reduce acne. Remember, acne is not your enemy but a reminder to take better care of yourself.